South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011 but disputes remain as for the plan of the border.
South Sudan includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd formed by the White Nile, locally called the Bahr al Jabal.
The presence of the White Nile and its numerous tributaries, as well as the tropical climate allow a plentiful agriculture producing some cotton, groundnuts, sorghum, millet, wheat, corn, gum arabic, sugar cane, manioc, mangoes, papayas, bananas, sweet potatoes and sesames.
The White Nile and its tributaries also allow the production of hydropower.
The basement of South Sudan of the also very rich and we can find some oil, iron ore, copper, chromium, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver and gold.
Dinkas is an ethnic group of ministers in whom the place of the bovine herds (almost exclusively of purebred animals Abigar) holds a very big importance, both in the economic activity and the religious life of the community.